Arno Harrtynn Babajanian (1921-1985), Soviet Armenian composer and pianist, People's Artist of the Armenian SSR(1956) and Soviet Union(1971). He was awarded the State Prizes of USSR(1951,1953) and Armenian SSR(1967,1983). At age of 7 he entered the Yerevan State Musical Conservatory by the recommendation of Khachaturian, then later taught there. His music is rooted in Armenian folk songs and folklore.
Grazyna Bacewicz (1909-1969), Polish composer and violinist, she is only the second Polish female composer to have achieved national and international recognition. She studied violin and piano at Warsaw Conservatory, continued study composition in Paris with Nadia Boulanger, later taught at the State Conservatory of Music at Lodz. During the 1930's she was the principle violinist of the Polish Radio orchestra. Her compositions are mainly chamber music.
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788), German composer, keyboard player and writer on music, second son of J. S. Bach, studied law first but abandoned the law career and determined to devote himself for music. He was a crucial composer between the Baroque and Classical periods, and one of the founders of the classical style. He served as court musician for Crown Prince of Prussia, later served as Kantor in Hamburg. He composed symphonies, concertos, chamber music etc.
Gina Bachauer (1913-1976), Greek pianist and teacher, she gave her first recital in Athens at the age of eight, toured US and Europe as pianist. The Gina Bachauer International Piano Competition was established in 1976 in her honor and held each year at Salt Lake City.
Mily Balakirev (1837-1910), Russian composer, he studied music from his mother and some private teachers(German). He entered the University of Kazan to study mathematics, but he taught piano and working as a accompanist, he met Glinka in 1855. During 1860's the critic Vladimir Stasov boasted of Russia's "moguchaya kuchka"(The Mighty Five)-they are Balakirev, Cui, Mussorgsky, Borodin and Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev as the leader. Balakirev's impact on Russian orchestral and vocal music rivals Glinka's; a generation of composers, most especially Borodin and Rimsky-Korsakov, came under his inflence. He composed operas, symphonies, songs and piano works.
George Balanchine (1904-1983), born Georgi Melitonovitch Balanchivadze in St. Petersburg, Russia, is regarded as the foremost contemporary choreographer in the world of ballet. At the age of nine, he was accepted into the ballet section of St. Petersburg's rigorous Imperial Theater School, and, with other young students, was soon appearing on the stage of the famed Maryinsky Theater in such spectacles as The Sleeping Beauty (his favorite). He graduated with honors in 1921 and joined the corps de ballet of the Maryinsky, by then renamed the State Theater of Opera and Ballet.
Norma Balean (1907-1989), British/American actress and singer, she was often used in operas and operettas as well as musicals "The Happy Widow" and "Annie get your gun". The great diva role as Mrs. Sally Adam in Berlin's "call Me Madam"(1954) reinforced her role as Bergens Primadona. She also sang in Carmen's Furore as both "Frasquita" and "Mercedes", in Eugen Onegin as "Filipjeva", in La Traviata as "Flora".
Kresimir Baranovic (1894-1975), Yugoslav composer and conductor. He was the conductor of Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra, Belgrade Opera, Belgrade Radio Orchestra, and professor at the Belgrade Music Academy.
Sara Baras (1971- ), Spanish flamenco dancer, she started to study ballet in her mother's dance school. In 1989 she won a televised show for young performers, she has performed with most prestigious flamenco companies. After touring extensively and successful shows, in 2003 she obtained Spanish's Premio Nacional de la Danza(National Dance Award).
Maria de Baratta (1890-1978), Salvadorian pianist, studied piano with her mother, then entered the National Conservatory of Music in San Salvador. She was the founder of the Association de Amigos del Arte, president of the Research Committee on National Folklore and Native Art of the Ministry Public Education.She is considered the first researcher of the salvadorenian folklore. Between `928 and 1938 she performed piano concerts in the main conservatories and art centres of America and Europe.
Samuel Barber (1910-1981), American composer, studied at the Curtis Institute later taught there. He won Rome Prize and two Pulitzer prizes(1958, 1962) and the New York Critics Circle Award(1962). One of the most successful American composers of 20th century. He composed operas, violin concerto, orchestral and chamber music. His most popular piece is the Adagio of string.
Sir John Barbirolli (1899-1970), British conductor and cellist, studied at the Trinity College of Music and Royal Academy of Music; debut in 1916 at Queens Hall. Active in chamber music before founding the Barbirolli String Orchestra, 1924 conductor of Chenil Orchestra; 1925, of the National Opera Company. Guest conductor of London Symphony and New York Philharmonic, permanent conductor of Halle Orchestra of Manchester, also conductor-in-chief of the Houston Symphony, 1960-66. He was knighted in 1949.
Filaret Barbu (1903-1984), Romanian composer of operettas,he studied violin and composition at the Vienna Conservatory, between 1922-1926, the Neues Wiener Konservatorium. Returned to Romania and he became professor of music at the Coriolan Brediceanu in Lugoi and conductor of the choir Ion Vidu.
Daniel Barenboim (1942- ), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina; conductor and pianist. He studied piano with his father, then with Edwin Fischer, conducting with Igor Markevitch at the Mozerteum in Salzburg, and composition in Rome. He served conductors of Orchestra de Paris, Bastile Opera in Paris, Deutsche Staatoper in Berlin, and Chicago Symphony. As a pianist he devoted particular attention to Mozart and Beethoven.
Valeria Barsova (1892-1967), Russian operatic soprano, one of the leading lyric-coloratura sopranos of the first half of the 20th century. She studied voice at the Moscow Conservatory, made her operatic debut in 1917 as Gilda, and her Bolshoi debut in 1920 and where she sang every season until 1948 at Bolshoi. After retiring from the stage, she taught at the Moscow Conservatory from 1950 until 1955. She retired and lived in Sochi until her death.
Karlis Baumanis (1835-1905), Latvian composer, better known as "Baumanis Karlis". He lived and worked in Limbazi as a teacher and a journalist. He is the author of the lyrics and music of the national anthem of Latvia.
Sir Thomas Beecham (1879-1961), British conductor, studied at Rossal School and Wadham College, Oxford, conducted Covent Garden Opera, Halle Orchestra, London Symphony and the London Philharmonic Society, Metropolitan Opera and New York Philharmonic. In 1915 he formed the Beecham Opera Company; in 1944 he conducted the London Philharmonic, then formed the Royal Philharmonic in 1946 ans served as conductor until 1960. He was knighted in 1916.
Rashid Behbudov (1915-1989), Azerbaijan singer and actor, he sang more than 8 languages and performed throughout the world. In 1938-1944 he worked at Yerevan State Philharmonia and Opera House. His combination of vocal master pieces ranged from classical to lyrical songs.
In 1966, he created the State Song Theater, which still carries his name, and became its soloist and artistic manager.
Jan Levoslav Bella (1843-1936), Slovak composer, conductor and music teacher, studied at Levoca and Vienna University, served as the director of music in Hermannastadt of Hungary. He wrote in the spirit of the national Romantic movement of the 19th century. He wrote in many different forms, including songs, church music, organ music, chamber music and orchestra music.
Girolamo Belli (1552-c. 1620), Italian composer of the late Rensissance, studied with Luzzaschi and noted for his compositions of both madrigals and sacred music. He worked as maestro di cappella and music teacher in Argenta.
Carl Michael Bellman (1740-1795), Swedish poet and composer. he set many of his own poems to music, using airs from folk songs and other compositions, including French. He is the central figure in Swedish song tradition and remain a very important influence in Swedish music, as well as Scandinavian literature in general, to this day.
Franz(Frantisek) Benda (1709-1786), Czech composer and violin virtuoso, studied in Dresden, returned to Prague, played in the Frederick II's court orchestra in 1733, a position he held until his death. He was famous for his cantabile playing. He composed symphonies concertos, and chamber music.
Jiri(Georg) Benda (1722-1795), Czech(Bohemia) composer, violinist and Kapellmeister. Brother of Franz Benda, studied at the Piarist Gymnasium and the Jesuit Gymnasium, worked as 2nd violinist in the chapel of Berlin, and as chapel master of Duke of Gotha, specializing in religious music.
William Sterndale Bennett (1816-1875), Distinguished English composer of Romantic period. He entered the choir of King's College chapel in 1824. In 1826 he was accepted as a child prodigy into the Royal Academy of Music studying piano and composition. In 1833 he was appointed organist of St. Anne's Church in Wandsworth. In 1848 he became a founding Director of Queens College London. He composed symphonies, piano concertos, his music was much influenced by Mendelssohn.
Peter Benoit (1834-1901), Belgian composer and teacher, studied at the Brussels Conservatory and won the Belgian Prix de Rome and studied in Germany instead of Rome, in 1865 he conducted the Park Theater in Brussels and 1862-1863 he conducted at the Offenbach's Theatre des Bouffes-Parisiens. He founded the Flemish Music School in Antwerp in 1867 and headed it until his death; it became the Royal Flemish Conservatory in 1898. He composed operas, oratorios, songs and sacred music.
Pierre-Jean de Beranger (1780-1857), French lyricist, poet and songwriter. His first collection of songs published in 1815, was immediately gaining popular. He fitted his verses to popular melodies, and he used his poems largely to express republican and Bonapartist ideas. He had written many songs for convivial occasions. He composed the national anthem of Malaysia.
Alban Berg (1885-1925), Austrian composer, studied with Scheonberg, important member of twelve-tone new method, referring to Second Viennese School(Berg, Webern and Scheonberg). His operas(Lulu, Wozzeck) are still popular today. He composed chamber music, violin concerto, piano concerto, and orchestral pieces.
Wilhelm Georg Berger (1929-1993), Romanian composer, musicologist, violist and conductor. He learned to play violin and viola privately, then he was a violinist with the Hungarian National Philharmonic and was also a member of the Romanian Composer Association string quartet.
He composed 21 symphonies, 18 string quartets, oratorios, sonatas, concertos etc. He won the Prince Rainier III composition Award in Monaco also some other first prizes of composition competitions in Liege and Brussels.
Irving Berlin (1888-1989), Russian/American composer of Broadway musicals and popular songs, born in Russia and emigrated to US in 1893 with his family. From 1911 he contributed to the Ziegfeld Follies and other Broadway revues; he formed his own publishing company in 1919 and established the Music Box Theater in 1921. He composed musicals(Annie Get Your Guns), and over 1,000 songs(God Bless America, White Christmas... etc).
Mark Naumovich Bernes (1911-1969), Soviet actor and singer of Jewish ancestry, who performed some of the most poignant songs to come out of the WWII. He is similar to American performers Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra.
Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990), American composer,conductor and teacher, attended Harvard University and Curtis Institute, conducted Berkshire Music Center, New York City Orchestra, and the New York Philharmonic until his retirement, taught at Brandeis University. He composed symphonies, orchestral music, dramatic works(operas and musicals - best known work - West Side Story, Candice etc) and chamber music.